DFC Research / Analysis

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In the middle of August, attention of the international and local media was drawn to the clip from Late Night Show with David Letterman from 2008, in which the actor, Bill Hader, morphs into his colleagues Tom Cruise and Seth Rogen at certain moments during the interview. That this is not just any kind of […]

Georgia’s society known for its culture of protests from the 19th century annexation by the Russian empire, through the revolutionary period, to the Soviet period in the fifties and eighties, has reacted over the past few months to the Moscow provocations again. Back in the days of Shevardnadze’s mandate from 1995 to 2003, and more […]

These days, foreign and some domestic media have been writing about the hacking of a major contractor of the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), and the stealing of 7.5 terabytes of data. The news on SyTech, system breach was broken on July 19 on the Russian BBC portal, and later it was taken by other […]

The key to promoting and advertising content on the Internet is the creation of the Internet “traffic”. The media outlets, in fighting for survival and profit on the online market, often use clickbait as a tool – sensationalist headlines, the content of which mostly does not correspond to the following text. The clickbait uses natural […]

Soon after the rise of the “popularity” sites, about which was written in the first text,  marketing companies and experts, in order to prevent to be defrauded and to pay fake influencers for marketing services, have developed their own tools for „quality“ and „authenticity“ check of followers and likes. So that today with a small […]

The issue of trolls and bots is present on the Internet since the existence of public communication platforms, from chatting to social media. The problem is that these terms are poorly understood and very often misused both in everyday life and in professional communication. Let us begin with trolling, named after a troll, a malicious […]

The topic of NATO on the territory of Montenegro and Serbia is an inexhaustible source for various conspiracy theories, placing unverified information and disinformation. One of those topics, which was and still is alive, not only in the media but in the public as well, is that Montenegro has not had and will not have […]

Since February, peaceful civic protests have been organized in Montenegro, primarily as a reaction to the scandal caused by the activities of businessman Dusko Knezevic, who has been accused of tax evasion and money laundering by the Montenegrin authorities. Knezevic accused some of the highest-ranking Montenegrin officials of complicity in the series of posts on […]

Disinformation is now without a doubt an integral part of Russian foreign policy, but even though it feels brand new it dates way back. It has a long history and it is closely tied to the birth of the KGB in the 1950s and the doctrine of active measures. These active measures (Russian: активные мероприятия) […]

The use of social networks, such as Twitter, has significantly changed the interaction in the politician-voter relation. In this manner, the officials have become more available to the public, but, on the other hand, the use of Twitter in political purposes has enabled faster exchange of important information. This analysis, in the context of fake […]

The motivation for further research was found in the Kiev Post‘s article published on January 14, mentioning the alleged establishment of the Unité Continentale organization in Belgrade. Even though this article does not provide any further information, we decided to look into it a bit. Our first clue was French newspapers and portals, giving the […]

Facebook is the most popular social network in Montenegro, while Twitter is still rarely used for political purposes. Also, after the recent campaign by Dusko Knezevic, Instagram was mostly used for posting Montenegrin landscapes and selfies. Montenegrin businessman Dusko Knezevic, after being officially accused of money laundering and tax evasion, launched an Instagram campaign and […]

Disinforming citizens with a view to raising panic The Serbian organization Pravo na izbor posted on its Facebook page that NATO, in its book Immunological Adjuvants[1] and Vaccines, marked the vaccines as a biological weapon. The Pravo na izbor organization posted on its page an image highlighting that in this book on page 37 it […]

Asymmetric threats represent, inter alia, using weaknesses in the situations when the cracks emerge in the established system of government. Such situations are certainly periods of crisis, dissatisfaction, attitude expression through mass demonstrations, in a word, a game in which civil awareness indicates the problem. The “yellow vest” protests may be defined as an aspiration […]

Countries that are going through a transitioning period have been facing the population outflow for years. In times of crisis and conflicts, people with higher qualifications always leave for better working conditions. Waves of emigration, especially at the beginning and at the end of the 20th century, were almost always directed towards Western Europe and […]

The Government of Kosovo passed the decision on forming the Army of Kosovo, after the Parliament of Kosovo unanimously voted the Law on Kosovo Security Force. 106 MPs out of 120 seated Parliament of Kosovo, voted for passing on the Law, with total 45 amendments. The session was boycotted by the minority Serb MPs. Belgrade […]

Within “Russian Federation Foreign Policy Concept” the world is defined as polycentric, in which no country is presented as a “pole” but instead, reacts in accordance with the emerging situation. Such concept implies the rise in use of the so called “soft power”. Objectively speaking, Russia under Putin has very well estimated benefits of using […]

History has taught us that no propaganda and disinformation venture has endured the test of time, although the current world situation can make us doubt the value and strength of the truth. The thing in which the disinformation tactic is unsurpassed is most certainly making harm through creating chaos, instability and calling for actions with […]

This Policy paper and following recommendations are the result of the recently ended workshop, under the name “Information Warfare and the New World Order: Case Study Western Balkans“, which was organized by the Atlantic Council of Montenegro. Situation analysis The advances in both hardware and software related to information technology over the past 25 years […]