Entries by DFC Team


Deceptive Reporting on the Participation of Montenegrin Army in NMI

There are several topics that have being recycled for years, and certain media will see to provide some of them with the never-ending shelf life. Considerable share of conspiracy theories, spins, unverified and disinformation narratives on the territory of Montenegro, concerns not as much Montenegro, as the NATO Alliance. Such narratives, playing the emotional card, […]

Second GRU Officer Indicted in Montenegro Coup Unmasked

A joint investigation between Bellingcat and The Insider has identified a second GRU officer, who was involved in the 2016 Montenegro coup, as Vladimir Nikolaevich Moiseev. Two officers from Russia’s military intelligence (GRU) are sought, via Interpol, as suspected organizers of an unsuccessful 2016 coup in Montenegro. The true identity of one officer is public, […]

World Disinformation Platform and the Balkans

History has taught us that no propaganda and disinformation venture has endured the test of time, although the current world situation can make us doubt the value and strength of the truth. The thing in which the disinformation tactic is unsurpassed is most certainly making harm through creating chaos, instability and calling for actions with […]

Information Warfare and the New World Order: Case Study Western Balkans

This Policy paper and following recommendations are the result of the recently ended workshop, under the name “Information Warfare and the New World Order: Case Study Western Balkans“, which was organized by the Atlantic Council of Montenegro. Situation analysis The advances in both hardware and software related to information technology over the past 25 years […]

Deep dive: Hybrid Warfare

The 20th century was a very specific one.  It was a century of extreme violence, as witnessed by the years 1914 and 1939 with the outbreak of the First and Second World War. Simultaneously, however, there were also turning points of remarkable progress of technology and communication. The First and Second World War produced deadly […]

Distinguishing Disinformation from Propaganda, Misinformation, and “Fake News”

WHAT IS DISINFORMATION? IS IT DIFFERENT FROM PROPAGANDA? Disinformation is a relatively new word. Most observers trace it back to the Russian word dezinformatsiya, which Soviet planners in the 1950s defined as “dissemination (in the press, on the radio, etc.) of false reports intended to mislead public opinion.” Others suggest that the earliest use of […]